The archaeozoological collection contains animal bone remains from about 70 archaeological sites in Israel, excavated by the Israel Antiquities Authority and various Universities.

The animal bones collected in excavations represent the Israeli fauna from prehistoric, biblical and classical periods. They represent wild animals, domestic livestock, birds, fish, rodents, reptiles and amphibians. The faunal assemblage is used for archaeozoological research, dealing with ecological, anthropological and archaeological issues. It enables the reconstruction of human lifeways in ancient times, providing insight into the fauna and climate of the paleoenvironment and the relationship of humans with this environment.

The current location of the collection in containers and in the basement means that the access has to be limited and the conditions are not sufficient to enable study potential to be fulfilled.